The thriving multiparty constitutional democracy in Botswana holds general elections every five years. Each election since independence has been free and justly executed as well as held on schedule. Also, minority groups have freely contributed in the country’s political life. The country’s political system has been transparent and contributed significantly to Botswana’s continuing stability and economic development.
The election of the president of Botswana occurs as follows: general elections are held to elect members of the National Assembly and the presidential candidate from the political party that wins the most of the 57 seats of the National Assembly (the majority party) becomes the president. The cabinet, including a vice president plus a varying number of ministers and assistant ministers, is chosen by the president from the National Assembly. Currently, the National Assembly has four specially elected members, in addition to the 57 elected members. The Assembly members increase following a census done every decade, depending on the population.
Setswana traditions form the basis of Botswana’s democracy. This tradition is epitomized by the Kgotla, the village council, wherein the authority of village leaders is subject to custom and law. Botswana’s High Court has authority over general civil and criminal cases and the judges, while appointed by the president can also be removed for just cause and after due process. The courts together with law enforcement institutions effectively implement the constitution with its code of fundamental human rights. Thus, Botswana maintains a good human rights record.